At the heart of Les Macchiaioli , the current show at Musée de l’Orangerie, is the question of whether Italian painters developed their own version of Impressionism independently of the French, at about the same time.
Macchiaioli, named for areas of light and shadow, or “macchie”, shares traits with French Impressionism, to be sure. Painters of both movements rejected academic compositions and historical themes in favor of rural scenes; they expressed variations in lighting through contrasting patches of color. Both were influenced by photography and plein air painting.
Yet the Italians were fueled by political fervor, to protest against art that had become too elitist. They worked with a more restricted color palette than the French, eschewed industrial innovations as subjects, and developed an unusual elongated horizontal format.
My favorite work in the show, Le Rotonde de Palmierei, by Giovanni Fattori, uses simplified forms and horizontal bands of color to capture the movement of wind and light beside the ocean. It made me think of Eugène Boudin, who painted seaside in Honfleur, and of the influence of Japanese prints on French Impressionism.
The show at l’Orangerie is a thoughtful and delightful collection of work. On view are striking images of domestic life, landscapes bathed in sun and shadow, realistic battle scenes, even a film that incorporates political upheaval and decorative interiors.
Until July 22.
Have you seen this show?